1942 Ford GPW Military Jeep

  • DATE OF MANUFACTURE: March 23, 1942
  • ENGINE CONFIGURATION: Ford 4-cylinder L-head
  • ENGINE DISPLACEMENT: 134.2 cubic inches
  • DRIVE: 3-speed synchromesh, with two-speed
    transfer case
  • ELECTRICAL SYSTEM: 6 volt, negative ground
  • GROSS WEIGHT: 2,430 pounds
  • WIDTH: 132.25 inches
  • HEIGHT: Top up – 69.75 inches
    Top down – 52 inches
  • WHEELBASE: 80 inches
  • GROUND CLEARANCE: 8.75 inches
  • FORDING DEPTH: 21 inches maximum
  • NUMBER BUILT: 647,343 (All 1/4 –ton Jeep models, 1940-1945)
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One of the most famous military vehicles of World War II, the jeep originated in a prewar US Army requirement for a simple, inexpensive, and robust vehicle for basic utility chores. Its simple design proved to be adaptable to a host of military tasks including use as a scout vehicle, battlefield ambulance, communications vehicle, and staff car. The jeep was hailed as “the savior of World War II.”

The designation “GPW” breaks out as follows: “G” is “Government,” “P” represents “80-inch wheelbase reconnaissance” and “W” for “Willys” as they were the designers of the original blueprints on which the jeeps were based.